People at particular risk, and who should take extra precautions to prevent contracting malaria would include the following:
* Children under 5.
* Adults over 65.
* Pregnant women.
* People on long term steroids or those receiving chemotherapy.
* Aids patients.
* People who have had their spleens removed.
Although the people who fall in the categories listed above are more at risk, please do not be under the impression that healthy, young adults with strong immune systems can withstand this type of infection.
Malaria is a disease of the blood that is caused by a parasite transmitted from person to person by certain types of mosquitoes. Malaria symptoms, which appear about 9 to 14 days after the infectious mosquito bite, include fever, headache, vomiting and other flu-like symptoms. If drugs are not available for treatment or if the parasites are resistant to them, the infection can lead to coma, severe life-threatening anemia, and death by infecting and destroying red blood cells and by clogging the capillaries that carry blood to the brain (cerebral malaria) or other vital organs. Worldwide, malaria causes almost 250 million illnesses and more than one million deaths annually.